Allergic rhinitis won’t go away avoiding allergens is the most important thing

2022-09-15 0 By

Allergic rhinitis and allergic rhinitis (AR), otolaryngology is one of the common diseases, especially in patients with severe nasal congestion serious when can cause dizziness, no spirit, it is difficult to concentrate, a significant effect on daily life, at the same time, the lack of quick means to cure disease, often create larger mental and economic burden to patients.Wang Lei, deputy chief physician of the Department of Otolaryngology head and Neck Surgery at guangzhou First People’s Hospital, said the first step in treating allergic rhinitis is to avoid exposure to allergens.Immunotherapy, or desensitization, can be tried for those who have recurrent episodes that cannot be completely avoided.The first step: Avoid allergen allergic rhinitis, which is characterized by an itchy nose, sneezing and watery runny nose.This is the typical clinical symptoms of allergic rhinitis, often accompanied by nasal congestion, and even cause eye symptoms such as red and itching, if on the basis of allergic rhinitis and secondary bacterial infection, there will be yellowish green pus nasal discharge.Wang Lei introduced that the first step in the treatment of allergic rhinitis is to avoid contact with allergen in patients with allergic rhinitis, which is also a very important step.And the variety of allergens that cause allergic rhinitis is various, various, different patients according to what they are sensitive to, to think of ways and allergens to avoid contact, as far as possible from the environment with allergens.For example, patients who are allergic to mold should find ways to make the home environment dry and cool, and reduce the breeding of mold.Theoretically the first step in the treatment of allergic rhinitis is to get rid of allergens.If done well, can be completely removed from the allergen, often allergic rhinitis naturally good, will not attack again.But in real life, these allergens float in the air, invisible to the naked eye, and are almost everywhere.If you can’t completely avoid an allergen, you need to understand the second step of treatment, which is medication, Wang said.The drugs that can treat allergic rhinitis have the following kinds: antihistamine, glucocorticoid, antileukotriene, color ketone, nasal decongestant, intranasal anticholinergic drugs and Traditional Chinese medicine.Need to remind is, in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, nasal spray is a very important treatment method.Often in a more serious condition, the doctor will give nasal spray and oral medicine used together, symptom control is better, will slowly stop oral medicine.The potion must be advised to wait until the symptoms are completely under control before gradually stopping.As long as the patient can correctly carry out the doctor’s advice, adhere to regular review, do not stop the drug, generally can achieve good results.Perennial?Try immunotherapy Patients with chronic allergic rhinitis are prone to relapse when they stop taking the drugs.New research suggests that immunotherapy, or desensitization, may be a more effective tool for treating patients with severe allergic rhinitis that occurs frequently.Immunotherapy is the use of purified allergens, starting with a small dose, little by little, gradually increasing the dose, increasing the concentration, and maintaining it over a long period of time, usually no less than two years.Eventually, the body’s immune system gets used to and accepts the allergen stimulus, and is no longer overly sensitive to it.The process of immunotherapy is very long, usually two years or more.At present, the more widely used and mature immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis caused by dust mites is widely used in clinic. After the detection of allergen serum or allergen skin test, the patients with dust mites or house dust mite allergy are determined to have two immunotherapy methods: sublastooral administration and subcutaneous injection.The effect of immunotherapy is relatively slow, generally about half a year before the gradual effect, the total course of treatment needs a long 2-3 years.In some patients, short-term immunotherapy should be repeated periodically to enhance consolidation.(Reporter Zhang Qingmei correspondent Huang Yuexing) Source: Guangzhou Daily