Ping Jiajian: “Spring Water and Autumn Mountains” and “White Tiger in Frost Forest”
In April 1982, feng Tongping, a farmer in Huai ‘an County, Jiangsu Province, discovered a Ming Dynasty tomb while leveling the land around the second Group of Zhakou Village in the eastern suburbs (according to the administrative division at that time).Upon hearing the news, the Huai ‘an County Museum immediately sent personnel to the scene for rescue excavation, and found a scroll of calligraphy and painting under the left and right armpits of the tomb owner.Left axillary scroll, crystal axis head, a total of eight.A scroll under the right arm, rosewood shaft head, a total of 17.Soon, it was restored by Suzhou Wumen Painting Studio and mounted as an album. Now it is collected in The Chuzhou Museum of Huai ‘an city (the original Huai ‘an County Museum).These paintings were quickly cited repeatedly by the world art history circle, because the paintings and calligraphy unearthed from tombs are extremely rare, and the contents of the unearthed paintings and calligraphy are complex and of great research value.▲ Anonymous Frost Forest White Tiger map Unearthed in Huai ‘an Ming Tomb this article to discuss the “Frost Forest white Tiger map” (hereinafter referred to as “frost map”) that is, the original crystal axis painting scroll one of the eight.The volume of works should be the tomb owner Wang Zhen before the collection and assembled into a volume.About the study of this painting, there are about the following: Jiangsu Province Huai ‘an County museum “Huai ‘an County Ming Dynasty Wang Zhen couple Tomb Cleaning briefing” : Frost Forest white Tiger picture silk scroll 29.8, 69 cm.No payment, no seal.On the left side of the picture, there are old trees with thick trunks and withered branches.Overgrown weeds on the right.In the middle of the picture is a tiger, propped up on its front feet and crouched on its back, recalling its roar.It was slightly damaged when unearthed.– “Cultural Relics” 1987.03 P10 Xu Bangda “Huaian Ming Tombs unearthed calligraphy and painting analysis” : Anonymous Frost Forest white tiger picture on Silk without a white tiger sitting left, surrounded by red maple bamboo stone, painting slightly effect of the southern Song Dynasty courtyard body.– “Cultural Relics” 1987.03 P16 Jiangsu Huaian County Museum and Ancient Chinese Painting and Calligraphy Appraisal Group “Unearthed Painting and Calligraphy in The Tomb of The Ming Dynasty in Huaian” : Frost Forest white Tiger picture color on silk This is neither the author’s name, nor the seal on it.But the technique is excellent, quite dignified.In terms of the relationship between their teachers and their successors, they are connected with the paintings of the Southern Song Dynasty.The rare paintings and calligraphy unearthed from the Tomb of Wang Zhen in The Ming Dynasty in Huai ‘an by Lu Li: No frost forest white Tiger Tutu for the Autumn Forest white Tiger, the tree branches with hard lines double hook, the lines are strong and strong, the stone side wipe wipe cun.White tiger with line outline, apply white powder.The painting has no style, but from the expression method of tree and stone, it is identified as the work influenced by the Courtyard style and Zhejiang school in the early Ming Dynasty.– “Southeast Culture” 2001.04 P33 Wang Jinshan “Kuangguqi Fan Cut off tail tiger and Tang Yin’s bitter tears” : This article is wang’s graduation thesis when he got his master’s degree in Nanjing University of the Arts in 2005, the full text alludes to “Frost Forest White Tiger” is Tang Yin’s own work.– The author’s note to Liu Jiuzhou’s Restudy of Unearthed Paintings and Calligraphy in Huai ‘an Ming Dynasty Tomb (Artron.com, July 31, 2014) : The article comprehensively examined the paintings containing the theme of “tiger” in the early paintings, and there are only four:The four Sleeps in The Tokyo National Museum, zhong Kui’s Visit to The Road in the Friel Museum, Fu Hu and Luo Han in the Guangdong Provincial Museum, and Nu Shi Zhen in the British Museum are considered to be close to the frost Map in the shape of the tiger.It is also pointed out that there is similarity in composition between Frost Map and The Collection of The Palace Museum.It is considered that the painting techniques in Frost Tu are primitive and unsophisticated, not similar to those in Ming Dynasty, but closer to those in Song Dynasty.Finally, it concludes that Frost Map is a song dynasty painting with clear features and superb level.The author thinks that xu Bangda and Liu Jiuzhou are keenly aware of the relationship between Frost Map and southern Song Dynasty painting techniques, especially the latter point out the mirror symmetry in layout of Frost Map and Cawei Map, which has unique academic value.However, in terms of the subject matter source of Frost Map, none of the above scholars could discover the truth of this painting from the subject matter of painting.The author thinks that the four early paintings with “tiger” examined by Liu Jiuzhou all have obvious religious meaning (Admonitions Scroll is also a work advocating ethics in a sense), but this theme is not reflected in Frost Map.As for Wang Jinshan’s allusion that “Frost Map” is tang Yin’s own work, there are serious defects in argumentation, even logic consistency can not be achieved.In my research, THE author noticed that during the Liao, Jin and Yuan dynasties, there was a special tradition of “Sishi Na bo”, and the artworks caused by it were related to Frost Map.”Liao Shi” said: “Each of the four times has its place, called na bo.This meant that the liao and Jin political institutions changed according to the seasons, nomadic, fishing and hunting with water and grass, and from cold to heat.In spring, they fish for swans along rivers, and in autumn, they hunt tigers and deer in the mountains.”Si Shi Na bo” influenced the dress at that time.According to the jin History · Yufu Annals, the clothing of dignitaries in the Jin Dynasty was as follows: “Their clothes were made from spring water, and they were decorated with various flowers and geese.Its clothes from the qiushan mountain, bear deer forest for the text.”This kind of custom is reflected in jade carving, which has the characteristics of The Times and represents the meaning of “spring water” and “qiushan” jade.The former depicts “haidong Green catching swans”, while the latter is represented by “tiger deer in mountain forest”.View answer museum ever had special article introduction of it, listed a few jade articles with tiger as the theme below, experience for everyone.A golden and white jade sculpture of two tigers has been made at the Palace Museum of China in Shanghai, ChinaThrough the observation of these jade articles, it can be found that the tiger in “Qiushan jade” is seated. Jade workers use leather color (or dyeing) to express the meaning of deep autumn in the mountains and withered grass and trees, which has obvious similarities with “Frost map”.As for the traces of the southern Song Dynasty style paintings revealed in the painting, it is the embodiment of the characteristics of The Times.There are very few, but not all, paintings on the subject of Akiyama.”Deer in Autumn Forest” and “Dan Feng Youlu”, both of which were written by the Liao people, are such works.”Deer in the autumn forest” is another theme of “Qiushan Jade”, see the following jade.Bring about gold Akiyama jade roof The Shanghai museum bring jinyuan Green jade is hollow-out akiyama adorn Hubei province museum bring the liao Deer Bai Yujiu grain roof The Palace Museum Hidden in the painting, in the past there have been scholars to “three white figure” series of paintings, ascend to the “eastern strike goose”, but there is no link to the “water jade”, it is very regretful.Today, we have discovered the concept of “spring water, autumn mountains” and can connect a series of paintings.One of the most eye-catching is a cover titled Haidong Green Strikes a Swan, which was auctioned in Kansai in the spring of 2018. This is the theme of “spring waters” in the Jin Dynasty.This kind of jin dynasty painting spread to the Ming Dynasty, repeated copying, became the familiar “three white” series.▲ Unknown “Haidong Green hit swan figure” 2018 Guanxi Spring shoot ▲ Liao crystal Haidong Green peck goose pieces 2019 Sotheby’s New York Autumn shoot ▲ Gold Chunshui jade decoration Shanghai Museum collection ▲ Gold belt leather white jade Haidong Green swan figure belt decoration museum collection spread so far these “spring water”, “autumn mountain” paintings, all without money, without printing,On the other hand, it also shows that such works are made by painters and belong to the custom works that express specific content.To sum up, in combination with Mr Xu Bangda, jiu-zhou liu’s opinion, and refer to the king of MuZhuRen town’s life, and packed in a wooden shaft with the cream figure the rest of the seven works, the author thinks that the frost Lindbergh HuTu “is a jinyuan period, depicting the” akiyama “theme is good, has a very high artistic value and unique historical value.Thank you for sharing the graphic materials with Mr. Liu Jiuzhou during the writing process.