The Mystery of the Russian Red Army’s Chinese Legion (21)

2022-07-05 0 By

In early 1918, Li Fuqing and more than 200 others (including more than 70 Chinese) were ordered to form the “First International Corps” and go to the Smolny Palace in Leningrad to serve as guards for Lenin, Trotsky and other leaders.In the beginning, most Chinese soldiers did not know who they were defending, only that they were important people.Song Shutang, a Chinese guard, later recalled: “Once we were playing chess in the recreation room.A man came in and stood silently watching, unaware of his presence.Another Chinese guard, Zhao Puxuan, came in, saw him and immediately saluted.Then we knew it was Comrade Lenin whom we were guarding.”In October 1917, Lee bu-cheong performed well and was appointed as the head of a four-man security team at the small Gate.His job was to lead three other guards to stand guard at the entrance to the building where Lenin worked.Lenin passed Chinese guards every time he entered or left the building.For Li Fuqing, some moments in those years have become his eternal memory.One day, the weather is unusually cold, the small Palace like a world of ice and snow, on the branches of the crystal clear ice edge, snow.Four Chinese guards stood firm at their posts.The rough collars of military coats were hard with frost, the “work” left on them by the wind of the air exhaled from the soldiers’ nostrils.At this moment, Li Fuqing and the soldiers saw Lenin walking quickly towards the office building in the distance.Wearing a black coat with a grey collar and a black fur hat, he seemed to be thinking as he walked.See the leader, Li Fuqing immediately loudly shouted: “salute!”Lenin was silent for a moment and then said, “You are still standing in the snow in the cold.Come on!Come on!Go into the inner passage. It’s warmer there, with the chimneys on the wall! ‘None of the four guards would go in until Lenin repeatedly ordered them to move into the corridor.On another occasion, Lenin came out of his office and saw Li Fuqing and several Chinese guards on guard and chatted amiably with them.Lenin asked, “Living habits?Do you get used to it?How was the stay?”Li fuqing replied, “Life is good and the food is good.”Wang CAI, another comrade in arms, says life here is more satisfying than before.Listening to their answers, Lenin said, “Yes, compared with the past, life is a little better.But it’s not enough, once we get rid of all the white army and interveners and build a prosperous country, life will be better!”Lenin also wanted them to work harder to learn Russian and understand what was going on in Russia.Finally, Lenin asked them how to say “ni hao”, “have a meal” and “drink tea” in Chinese…”And took out a notebook and pencil from his pocket to write down the Chinese pronunciation.From then on, Lenin would always say “Ni hao, ni hao” in Chinese to Chinese soldiers.Later Lenin got them a Russian teacher.Shortly thereafter, the army gave each guard a pair of boots.Li fuqing and Wang CAI thought the boots they received were too big and asked the administrator to replace them with suitable ones, but they were refused.So, Li Fuqing proposed that they find Lenin to solve the problem.Outside Lenin’s office, the staff refused to let them in, saying that Lenin was writing.As a result of their insistence, the staff had to call for instructions.Eventually, their applications were approved.When they carefully pressed an electric bell in Lenin’s office, Lenin’s voice came from inside: “Come in.”They took off their hats, opened the door and went in. Lenin was writing behind a desk on the right side of the room.”Yes, yes,” said Lenin, when he heard what he had come for.Then he picked up a note and handed it to them, offering to come back to him if anything happened.Armed with Lenin’s approval, the two men, accompanied by a caretaker, finally found the right boots in the warehouse.In consideration of Chinese eating habits, the army has repeatedly prepared rice as a staple food for The Chinese guards.Guarding the Kremlin Li Fuqing and his Chinese comrades had been guards at The Smolny Palace for a short time.In March 1918, when the Red Soviet regime decided to move its capital to Moscow, they went together to the Moscow Kremlin.The kremlin’s decision to move the capital from Petrograd to Moscow was taken by the new Soviet regime in light of the grave situation of the time.In order to make the initial Soviet state out of the imperialist war, to ensure the security and independence of the country, on March 3, 1918, the Russian Communist Party (Burj) led by Lenin and the government agreed to sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, compromise to Germany and its Allies.Under the treaty, Russia renounced its jurisdiction and sovereignty over Poland, Lithuania, Kurland (part of Latvia), Levand (Latvia), and Estellan (Estonia).In addition, according to the treaty, Russia recognized the independence of Ukraine and Finland, immediately withdrew troops from Finland, Ukraine and the Oland Islands, guaranteed the immediate signing of peace treaty with Ukraine, and recognized the peace treaty between Ukraine and Germany, Austria, Poland and Turkey.This meant that both Finland and Estonia were enemies.Petrograd is just over 100 km from the border with Finland and just over 200 km from the border with Estonia.If the enemy entered the two countries and used them as a base for raids, Petrograd could fall in an instant and Soviet government offices could be swept away.Even if the enemy were not attacking, having the capital so close to the enemy was dangerous, to say the least.Li fuqing recalled that when they arrived at the Kremlin in Moscow, they had fewer chances to meet Lenin, a great leader who was kind, kind and kind.The Kremlin, once the palace of the tsars and the oldest complex in Moscow, is surrounded by four palaces, four cathedrals and 19 towers.The Smalny Palace was actually an aristocratic girls’ school built between 1806 and 1808, far smaller than the Kremlin.It is not difficult to imagine that Li Fuqing and his people could not see Lenin as often as before.In addition, Lenin spent much of his time away from the Kremlin after his second assassination in late August 1918.On the evening of September 25, 1918, an “unusual guest” came to gorky Manor, located more than 40 kilometers southeast of Moscow. He was Lenin who needed treatment after being shot.Lenin liked the house, with its forests, rivers and ponds, and often came to live there for some time afterwards.After his condition deteriorated greatly in May 1923, Lenin remained there until his death in 1924.In October 2021, when autumn was in full swing, I made a special visit to gorky Manor, where Lenin’s body was carried on his shoulders.Stepping on the path covered with golden leaves, you can see why Lenin loved this quiet place away from the hustle and bustle.The road that Lenin last left here, along which his coffin was carried, remains the same.It was a gravel and sand path, and on the stone at the end of the path were inscribed the following words: “By this road Lenin’s coffin was taken on January 23, 1924.”Carrying out Lenin’s instructions to return to the battlefield In October 1919, The White army under Denikin was rampant on the southern front, and the Red Army was retreating.The Soviet Republic lost Ukraine, Orel, then Tula and Moscow, and was in grave danger.At this time, Lenin issued the slogan “everyone to fight against Denikin”, and even transferred his guards to the southern front, Li Fuqing was one of them.Before leaving the Kremlin, Lenin summoned all his guards to speak.He told them, “When you go to the front, don’t be conceited because you served me. That would be very wrong.”He also encouraged them to fight bravely to defend the Soviet Republic and wipe out the White Bandits.After the first Cavalry army returned to the battlefield, Li Fuqing was dispatched to the 33rd regiment of the sixth Division of the first Cavalry army of the Red Army led by The Soviet General Buchuni as the deputy leader of the reconnaissance squad.In October his 33rd regiment fought denikin’s forces on the outskirts of Voronezh.At the end of the month, the Red Army liberated Volonezh and the remnants of Denikin fled south.In November, the 1st Cavalry tore through Denikin’s position.In January the Red Army liberated Rostov.Two months later, Denikin escaped by ship from the Black Sea.On the Coast of the Black Sea, Li Fuqing saw such a scene: dozens of warships from the imperialist powers anchored not far from the port, and the whole sea between them and the coast was crowded with white Guards, landlords, capitalists and their families fleeing ferry boats.Red Army gunfire was fired at the ships of the imperialist intervention forces, eight of which were sunk and the rest hurried out into the open sea.The fugitives who could not overtake the battleship now returned to shore and surrendered to the Red Army.At the end of March 1920, Li Fuqing and his comrades took red Army ships and chased the enemy all the way to the border between Russia and Turkey.In April, the Polish White army launched an attack against Soviet Russia without a declaration of war, and captured Kiev in early May.Li fuqing joined the battle against the Polish White Army, he did a number of excellent reconnaissance missions, and followed the troops until they hit 70 kilometers away from Warsaw.Soon after, Li fuqing took part in the battle to crush the Wrangel bandit army, and in the famous battle of The Isthmus of Pilekop, he successfully bombed enemy bunkers, contributing to the final liberation of the Crimean Peninsula.Later, Li Fuqing with the army to clean up the Ukrainian mountain Mahno bandits, the complete liberation of Ukraine.Li Fuqing fought a bloody battle and was wounded 4 times.After joining the PLA in the Soviet-Russian War at the age of 51, Li Fuqing came to study at the army culture school of the 6th Division in the spring of 1922, during which he joined the regiment honorably.After May Day 1923, he entered the Moscow military school for further study.In 1926, Li Fuqing graduated from the Moscow military school and was assigned to work as a translator in the Mining area of Donbas in Ukraine.The following year, at the age of 29, he married a local girl and had a family of his own.Over the next few years, two boys were born.In 1932, Occupying northeast China, Japan established the “Manchukuo”.At this time, Li Fuqing had left northeast China for 16 years. He decided to return to China to visit his relatives because he missed them back home.When he arrived in Chita, he learned that the border had been sealed.After staying in Chita for a while, he entered Xinjiang with the northeast Volunteers who had retreated to the Soviet Union, intending to make a detour back to the northeast.However, he suffered many setbacks. After arriving in Xinjiang, the warlord neither allowed him to leave xingxing Gorge to return to the mainland, nor allowed him to return to the Soviet Union.Looking forward to the day when he would be reunited with his family, he was so depressed that he finally decided to stay in Xinjiang. Later, he opened a small restaurant in Urumqi and made a living as a cook.Never thought, this is more than 10 years.In the meantime, he was alone, cut off from his home in the northeast and his small Soviet family.After the liberation of Xinjiang, Li Fuqing joined the PEOPLE’s Liberation Army as a chef at the age of 51 and was assigned to the Hutubi County rest Center of the Works Department of xinjiang Military Region.Because of his good cooking skills, Li Fuqing became the monitor of cooking.Li Fuqing worked in obscurity at the grass-roots level until 1957.That year, his experiences and deeds in Soviet Russia were unearthed, and people around him were amazed.This Russian – speaking, quick-tempered, drink-loving old man, to them, had such a glorious past.It was also in this year that Li Fuqing again set foot on the foreign land that he had left for more than 20 years.During his visit to the Soviet Union, he commissioned Soviet comrades to search for his two lost sons, but no news came of his death in Xinjiang in 1972.That was the end of Li Fuqing’s story.He is alone, but he is more fortunate than many.In 2017, the 100th anniversary of the victory of the October Revolution, Chinese and Russian mainstream media reported that the two countries would cooperate to produce a TV series Lenin and His Chinese Guards.According to Chinese director Hu Minggang, the series is based on real historical events and the main character is Based on Li Fuqing.If it can be successfully filmed and broadcast, more people will know about the red years when Chinese workers in Russia took part in the October Revolution and defended the new Soviet regime.Now, in the heihe Memorial hall of overseas Chinese living in Russia, which is located by the beautiful Heilong River, there is not only a wax statue of Li Fuqing and Lenin together, but also a precious cultural relic on display. It is a letter of certification opened by Lenin for Li Fuqing, and Lenin’s signature is clearly visible.(Article/Han Xianyang, source material/Han Xianyang, Editor/Lin Feng, Editor/Li Li, Hai Zhe, Illustration/Li Li,Overall/south passenger) related articles Soviet red army mystery of Chinese legion (a) of the Soviet red army mystery of Chinese legion (2) the Soviet red army mystery of Chinese legion (3) the Soviet red army mystery (4) Chinese legion Soviet red army of Chinese army mystery mystery of Soviet red army (5) of the Chinese legion (6) of the Soviet red army mystery of Chinese legion (7) Soviet red army mystery of Chinese legion (Eight) Soviet red army mystery of Chinese legion (9) of the Soviet red army Chinese puzzle (10) Soviet red army corps mystery (11) China Soviet red army of Chinese puzzle (12) Soviet red army corps mystery (13) China Soviet red army mystery of Chinese legion (14) Soviet red army corps mystery (15) China Soviet red army mystery of Chinese legion (16)The Mystery of the Chinese Legion of the Soviet Red Army the mystery of the Chinese Legion of the Soviet Red Army