Children have fun with ice and snow, and sports injuries need to be prevented
“Under the influence of the Beijing Winter Olympics, children’s enthusiasm for skating is too high, and the number is much more than in previous years. This winter holiday, our ice rink was almost full every day, and many children spent four or five hours on the ice.”On February 12, a large entertainment shopping center in Beijing underground skating rink staff in an interview excitedly said.The reporter saw that there are many children are happy skating rink, including both beginners, skating enthusiasts with a certain basis, as well as professional figure skating practice.With the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing in full swing, ice and snow sports have become a favorite sport for many children and teenagers across the country. More and more primary and secondary schools have opened courses on ice and snow sports.So what are the health benefits of ice sports for kids?What should children and teenagers pay attention to in ice sports?”Proper ice and snow sports have many benefits for children, including strengthening cold resistance, exercising heart and lung function, improving limb coordination, and promoting growth and development.”Wang Quan, director of the emergency department of Beijing Children’s Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University, said this at a press conference held under the Joint Prevention and control mechanism of The State Council on January 29.National snow and ice sports promotion ambassador, rehabilitation hospital affiliated to the capital university of medical sciences, Beijing orthopaedic rehabilitation center chief physician hua-qing Yang on February 4, wrote in the media, ice and snow sports can strengthen physical health, promote the growth of the human body muscle, bone, enhance the cardiopulmonary function, improve the function of the circulatory system, respiratory system, improve the regulating function of the nervous system, reduce the body fat rate,Thus enhance physical quality, improve immune capacity, prevent the occurrence of disease.Ice and snow sports not only enhance physical quality, but also play an important role in regulating mental health, which can play a positive role in tempering willpower, maintaining mental health and promoting interpersonal communication.At the same time, ice and snow sports are very interesting. While enjoying the joy brought by speed and skill, they can effectively reduce pressure and relax the mood.Zhang Haizhe, a teacher from the physical Education department of Baoding University in Hebei Province, said that most events in ice sports require the spirit to overcome difficulties, overcome obstacles and challenge themselves, and that regular ice sports can help cultivate children’s strong will to challenge limits and scale new heights.Ice and snow sports, but don’t ignore the risks and sports injury cookr reminds, ice and snow sports are attractive, but as a has a stimulating, challenging, outdoor sports, movement of the foot is not direct contact with the ground, ground there may be unknown, slope is bigger, sharp more snow and ice layer, etc., and body will be in the contract to protect state in cold environment,Mobility is reduced, and with it the risk of sports injuries, such as muscle strains and ligament and joint damage, increases.According to Yang huaqing, there are various types of injuries in ice and snow sports. The most common injuries are joint sprains, contusions, skin abrasions, falls and collisions on individual parts of the body, and the main injury sites are knee joints, ankle joints and other lower limb injuries.The main factors leading to injury are fierce confrontation, unreasonable collision, fatigue, lack of self-protection awareness and movement technical error, etc. Generally speaking, the main injury factors are participant’s own factor, site factor and equipment factor, etc.Wei Lian, a postgraduate student at the Capital University of Sport, found in her research that speed skating and ice hockey had the highest rate of sports injuries, followed by figure skating and curling.The causes of injury are mainly manifested in the following aspects: inadequate pre-exercise preparation, poor motor skills and physical quality, poor safety awareness and non-standard field equipment.Damage probability of the largest ice hockey, for example, the state sports general administration of sports medicine institute of sports injury prevention and rehabilitation research center, deputy director of the Zou Rongqi reminds, hockey player on the ice to the fastest speed can reach more than 40 kilometers per hour, head and neck injuries accounted for 20% of the total damage of children and adolescents ice hockey players – 30%, a concussion is the most common injuries.For teenagers involved in snow sports, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, ankle and other parts have the possibility of muscle and soft tissue bruise and fracture, but also a lot of joint strain and psoas muscle strain.Experts believe that the reasons for the injuries include the skiers’ technical incompetence or mistakes, improper use of skiing equipment, poor physical fitness, poor emotional control ability, lack of guidance and protection, and potential safety hazards at the site.Safety must be the first priority for skiing and skating, children need to do a good job of health protection in advance before sports wang Quan suggested that children and teenagers to ice sports, parents should first choose regular venues, do not take their children skating wild ice.Secondly, children should choose appropriate and formal ice and snow sports clothing and equipment, and wear protective equipment as required.Parents should objectively evaluate their children’s athletic ability and level, choose suitable snow sports for their children, and practice them under the guidance of professional coaches.Pay attention to personal protection when exercising, avoid gathering and clustering.Wang suggested paying attention to weather conditions before outdoor snow and ice sports, as snow, strong wind, low temperature and haze are not suitable for outdoor snow and ice sports.Let the child warm up fully before exercise, and pay attention to replenish water during exercise to prevent frostbite.Once the child feels local numbness, should return to the room, can gently massage to alleviate.During the rest of the movement or after the movement, to add clothes to the child in time, so as not to lose temperature.”Don’t force your child to play sports if he or she is not feeling well.If injured in sports, should call for help in time, can be simple self-help, and then seek medical treatment as soon as possible.”Wang Quan especially reminded that if the child has local bleeding, you can press to stop bleeding;If there is a sprain, can raise the affected limb, brake, and local ice, pay attention not to knead, so as not to aggravate swelling;If joint dislocation occurs, the injured joint should be fixed before transport;If there is a fracture do not move the child at will, should do a good job after fixing and then handling.Hua-qing Yang also stressed, because the ice and snow sports are not routine of primary and middle school students to participate in the form of sports in our country, the only child safety awareness, completes the movement that psychological, physical preparation, improve the level of motor skills, strengthen to preventing risks of ice and snow sports, can make children more healthy safely enjoy the pleasure of having snow ice.Six specific safety measures should be taken: 1. Warm-up exercise is essential.Before participating in ice and snow sports, warm up activities such as stretching should be done thoroughly to ensure the elasticity and extensiveness of muscles, tendons and ligaments, and avoid muscle ligament strain and other injuries.Exercise according to one’s ability.To fully understand their own sports ability, choose their own sports style, venue, intensity, beginners do not worry about challenging too difficult venues and complex movements.When you feel tired or unwell, you should not force yourself to continue to exercise.3. Wear sports gear.Studies have shown that wearing helmets, wrist protectors, elbow protectors, knee protectors and other sports protectors can effectively reduce the injury probability of the corresponding parts.Before performing ice and snow sports, the site conditions should be comprehensively evaluated, and relevant sports equipment and protective gear should be selected according to different participating projects, such as knee protector, hip protector, face protector, goggles, snow mirror, helmet, etc.Before exercise, ensure that sports equipment and protective gear are in good condition, and do a good job of sports protection.In addition, sunscreen should be used to protect the skin from strong sunlight and cold winds.Step 4 Wear the right outfit.We should wear warm clothes to avoid cardiovascular accidents caused by cold.Clothes to ensure soft and loose in order to facilitate blood circulation, should be nested to wear multiple layers of clothing, generally choose the inner layer of quick-dry underwear, the middle layer of warm layer, the outer layer of resistance protection layer;Clothes should be easy to put on and off, and can be changed at any time according to the temperature and intensity of exercise.Wearable hats and gloves protect areas farther from the heart to prevent body heat loss.Shoes should be warm, breathable, waterproof and provide adequate ankle support.5. Hydrate scientifically.Hyponatremia caused by excessive drinking water is not uncommon in ice and snow sports. Therefore, it is necessary to scientifically control the amount of water supplement during ice and snow sports. Too little or too much water supplement is harmful to health.The principles of hydration recommended by the International College of Marathon Physicians are: hydration according to thirst, combined with changes in body weight before and after exercise.6. Get professional guidance.Many snow sports require physical fitness and technical expertise, so it’s important to have professional guidance and a period of gradual practice.By Yang Na Editor by Gu Jun Responsible Editor by Xu Qimin Reprinted by China Women’s Daily Statement: This article is reprinted for the purpose of conveying more information.If the source is wrong or violated your legitimate rights and interests, please contact the author with proof of ownership, we will promptly correct, delete, thank you.