Ice and snow culture, the symphony of nature and humanity
With the Opening of the Beijing Winter Olympics just around the corner, people are paying more and more attention to ice and snow culture.Ice and snow culture originates from the survival needs of people to adapt to the cold environment, and reflects the spiritual experience and interest pursuit of human production and life in the ice and snow environment for a long time. It has the characteristics of seasonal constraint, natural creativity, extensive participation and artistic practice.The inheritance and innovation of ice and snow culture shows people’s brave and infirm will quality and creative spirit of skillfully borrowing from nature.It is difficult to trace the origin of ice and snow culture.It can be said that ice and snow culture has existed since the beginning of human activities in ice and snow accumulation areas.The altay cave ski paintings in Xinjiang, located in the northern margin of Junggar Basin, are one of the oldest records of human skiing discovered so far.Skiing has been used as a form of mountain transportation during the snowy winter for at least 10,000 years.In the face of cold winter, the nationalities in northern China gradually developed the wisdom of using ice and snow skillfully.”Ice lanterns”, which people enjoy watching today, originated from the ancients’ demand for daily lighting.An ancient poem goes, “Let the alum melt the ice without melting, and let the candle shine on the ice with radiance”, which describes the situation of ice lighting made by ancient Chinese people.To strengthen the defenses, the ancient people also poured water into ice, which was then mixed with mud to build the walls overnight.For example, the ancient people invented the ice climbing plough to increase the speed of hunting in winter.People used snow and ice to store food to solve the problem of food supply in winter, and the practice of winter storage has been continued to this day.When the survival needs are met, ice and snow sports and ice and snow art as leisure and entertainment gradually appear.According to “Song History · Li Zhi” records, “ice xi” is the ancient ice and snow leisure activities with historical research.By the Reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty, ice and snow sports had become very popular.The ice and snow culture of this period also included ice skates, ice carts, ice skates, dragon-shooting balls and wheels.As time goes by and times change, ice and snow culture derives humanistic connotation from ecological culture.Open, cooperative and inclusive innovative will and pure, fearless and resolute spiritual quality have become the core of contemporary ice and snow culture, nourishing the daily life and spiritual world of contemporary people.The innovative development of ice and snow culture is first reflected in the innovation of ice and snow as “material”.Ice and snow forms are constantly changing in people’s creative hands.The material innovation of modern ice and snow culture is marked by the improvement of artistry.By developing environment-friendly chemical pigments, people can transform colorless ice and white snow into colorful snow and ice.Ice lanterns, ice sculptures and snow sculptures are used to decorate the living space of northern towns and update the application scene of ice and snow.In Heilongjiang, the first Harbin Ice Lantern Festival in 1963 led to the rise of ice and snow art around the country.The Harbin Ice and Snow World has been open every winter for more than 20 years. The 23rd Ice and Snow World will open at the end of 2021 under the theme of “Lighting the World with the Light of winter Olympics”, with 230,000 cubic meters of ice. It is colorful and beautiful.Changchun Snow and Ice Xintiandi, also an outdoor snow and ice paradise, has built an ice and snow tourism area since 2019 by combining the model of a resort town.In Shenzhen, Guangdong province, a low-temperature pavilion was built with an insulated air-film structure, with white buildings and snow machines simulating a realistic indoor ice and snow landscape.Scene-oriented indoor ski resorts and ice and snow amusement parks in Wenzhou, Zhejiang province also make ice and snow culture break through geographical and seasonal restrictions.Creative ideas abound in these magical worlds of ice and snow, such as the “cryogenic geyser” of ice and snow created using a low-freezing, environmentally friendly liquid.The venue design of Beijing Winter Olympic Games is a creative transformation of ice and snow elements.One of the main venues of the National Ski Jumping Center “Snow Ruyi” magnificent, using traditional ruyi elements in shape, to express good wishes.The design concept of the National Speed Skating Pavilion “Ice Ribbon” comes from the combination of ice and speed. The 22 curved glass walls surround the pavilion, like the traces of speed skaters on the ice, symbolizing speed and passion, and symbolizing the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics.The creativity of using ice and snow as the main “material” is also reflected in the artistic creation of skillfully using ice and snow elements.Aurora Hallucinata, an ice and snow show combining ice acrobatics and flying snow, provides audiences with audio-visual experience in an ice and snow environment.As an ice acrobatic, the works have won audiences’ love at home and abroad.Ice and snow are also combined with traditional art, such as using engraving tools to texture the ice surface and then color transfer printing, and taking advantage of the characteristics of ice melting to form a natural coupling and non-replicable picture effect, so as to create unique ice prints.The extended cultural experience of “digital ice and snow” has stepped into the digital era. Virtual reality, digital twin, virtual studio and other technologies have been widely applied in the cultural field, helping ice and snow culture break through seasonal constraints and transformation restrictions and innovate inheritance forms.In the integration with digital technology, ice and snow culture is further upgraded and transformed, and people’s experience of ice and snow culture is also constantly expanded.For example, a 360-degree camera captures panoramic images of snow and ice, supplemented by a VR headset locator and a follow-up visual perspective, as if the user is in the snow and ice.VR helmet and indoor skiing training equipment combination, no harm skiing teaching benefits more snow sports enthusiasts.The integration of digital technology also innovated the production of ice and snow sports themed TV programs.For example, “Infinite Mysteries — Shougang Ski Big Jump” uses “3D+AI” technology to solve the problem of restoring the high speed and difficult ski jump movements, and makes a detailed analysis of the skiing movements.Through 3d rendering and virtual overlay, the audience can watch the movements of multiple athletes at the same time and see the technical differences between the athletes.The upcoming Winter Olympics in Beijing will also use digital technology to broadcast events, which will greatly enrich the experience of watching the games.Activating ice and snow characters or creating virtual ice and snow characters through digital technology is a new exploration of innovation and development of ice and snow culture.After the digital transformation of “Bingxi Tu”, which shows the grand event of “ice Hippie” more than 200 years ago, more than 1,000 characters in the original painting are “alive”. They interact with each other in groups such as shooting arrows on ice, flying forks, wielding knives and swinging sticks, thus vividly reproducing the scene of ancient large-scale ice competitions.In the 2022 Winter Olympics Ice-snow Themed Virtual Interactive Music Carnival — Night of Light, virtual singers perform in a realistic virtual live performance, and audiences can create their own virtual images to participate in the carnival.The online short film “Snow Boy” is based on freestyle skier Gu Ailing, and creates a virtual image of an ice and snow athlete.Take ice and snow as a bridge, actively give full play to the extensive participation of ice and snow culture, and promote the development of ice and snow industry.For example, at the Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival, one of the world’s four major ice and snow festivals, ice carvers and skiers from all over the world gather to exchange skills — ice and snow become a medium for cultural exchange.Guangdong province and Heilongjiang Province held the “Winter Exchange” tourism promotion event to promote the development of the ice and snow industry and the building of ice and snow culture brands.In 2020, the China Digital Ice and Snow Games kicked off in Guangzhou. The mode of “e-sports + ice and snow” attracted visitors from all over the world to enter the ice and snow world.Ice and snow culture endows ice and snow with warm cultural feelings and injects magical artistic life into the plain and pure ice and snow.Ice and snow culture embodies the wisdom of harmonious coexistence between human society and nature, and reflects the practical experience of the Chinese nation in understanding and utilizing nature.These explorations and practices further promote people’s steady progress in inheriting and innovating ice and snow culture.