Three watergate attacks: the first one is easy, the second one is successful, and the third one is hard
Disclaimer: Wu Xuehua’s original works started on the first day of Chinese New Year, and the film Watergate Bridge hit the box office.Today, we talk about the real history of the film.Before the Battle of Chojin Lake on November 27, 1950, neither China nor the United States paid much attention to the Watergate Bridge because it was nothing more than a spillway dam built during the Japanese occupation that was once capable of generating electricity but was later abandoned.There is only one road (8.8 meters) of less than 10 meters above the dam, which is about 4 meters wide and only allows one-way traffic.Since the dam was not a particularly prominent strategic location, the AMERICANS left a South Korean platoon symbolically guarding it for security reasons. This was the rear of the dam, and they thought it was safe, not expecting the volunteers to run through it from a distance.Before the Jangjin-ho Battle, the ninth Corps had concentrated its superior forces on the first Continental Division, the ace of the American forces, in accordance with the supreme instruction of “fight with one punch lest all blows come”.In addition to first-class weapons and equipment, the US army’s military strength also has absolute air superiority and artillery coverage. Therefore, the ninth Corps can only play its advantages in close combat and night combat, move quietly at night, avoid the US reconnaissance aircraft, get as close to the US army as possible, and then launch a surprise attack.In the early stage of the Jangjin-ho Battle, the strategic intention of the 9th Corps was indeed achieved. The 1st Marine Division and the adjacent American and Korean troops were surrounded, surrounded and annihilated one by one as planned.However, in the course of the second stage, due to the bad weather and the American defensive fire, the ninth Corps suffered heavy casualties, but struggled to advance.Both sides are fighting for will.The above picture is a TV production screen. On the other side of the Bridge is the lake of Changjin Lake. In fact, this is wrong.The photo below, taken in July 1950, shows the actual Watergate Bridge.The Watergate Bridge has a steep slope on one side and a hillside on the other.Inside the long house was an abandoned hydroelectric station.Before the campaign, the ix Corps was thinking about the reinforcement of the 1st Marine Division, not the withdrawal of the 1st Marine Division.Therefore, the order of the intermission troops was to “destroy the road and bridge to Huangcaoling” and “completely destroy the road and bridge to ensure that the tanks could not get through”.60 t 180, therefore, deputy chief of all, personally led a battalion of troops, at the same time, in the battle by up to “funchilin pass” area, control the ungoverned highway 1081 highland of the throat, and with brother forces (58 172 even seven), cooperate with success as the blew up the four Bridges, including the so-called “gate bridge”.Shuimen Bridge is part of an abandoned hydroelectric dam that runs through the only road from Jangjin-won to Hamhung, about 6km south of Guthuli in the Huangcaoling region.At that time, the volunteer army marked it as a power plant on the map, while the U.S. army called it a power plant.Therefore, before the battle, there was no such thing as “Watergate Bridge”. Later, after summing up the battle experience and referring to some documents from the United States and Japan, the “Watergate Bridge” came into being.The first watergate attack was by Company 7 on the morning of December 1.Duman led a battalion of troops stationed at 1081 Heights, blocked the road along several turntables, only the ideal position of resistance, as long as the nail firmly, reinforcements of the United States troops will not come at all.Because of the steep mountains, the American aircraft can only drop bombs from high altitude, the hit rate is greatly reduced.The 7th Company, after a brief battle on the night of November 30, took out the Korean garrison platoon on the dam, leaving Rhee’s army in tatters in the face of heroic volunteers.With limited explosives, Company 7 only managed to blow a large hole in the dam’s pavement.Because the dam is safe to defend, together with the seven companies have no heavy weapons to resist the enemy, can only retreat to the nearby mountains, with brother troops to fight.(On the road from Chosin Lake to the south, American troops were constantly under sniper fire from volunteers.) On December 2, after learning that two platoons of American soldiers came to the dam where the dam was bombed, dozens of American soldiers repaired the bridge at the same time, while fighting against the volunteers’ attack, and only then could the road be repaired in a broken way.In the meantime, American forces have strengthened their defenses.On December 4, Smith, commander of the first American Marine Division, who was killed in the Battle at Changjin Lake, insisted on a full retreat in spite of MacArthur’s opposition. The American army sent a strong team of engineers to repair roads and Bridges along the way to ensure the safe withdrawal of the first American Marine Division.And xingnan port side of the American army, also sent troops to help ensure the safety of the road.It is at this point that the importance of 1081 becomes apparent.Du Man’s deputy commander beat back a dozen waves of American troops from Hungnam Port, firmly in control of the road.On the afternoon of December 4, seeing more and more American troops on the road, Du Man realized that the American troops were defeated by volunteers and wanted to escape. He issued the second order to blow up the bridge. In the words of Wu Qianli in the movie watergate Bridge, “As long as the bridge is still there, the task is not completed”.By blowing up the bridge, the Americans would be trapped on dozens of kilometers of mountain roads, best suited to be cut off and wiped out one by one by the pursuing volunteers.The AMERICANS also know the strength of the nail on 1081, so the aircraft and artillery are calling it out.Thankfully, most of the bombs dropped by American planes on hillsides and valleys did not pose much danger to 1081.On the night of December 4, volunteers with explosives on their backs, under cover of darkness, moved beneath the dam, and while brother troops were conducting a trial attack on the north side of the Bridge, several lithe figures jumped the obstacles and succeeded in blowing up the bridge a second time.This time the bombing of the bridge, compared to the first time, paid no small sacrifice, several soldiers who bombed the bridge did not come back.On The 5th, while organizing the attack on The 1081 Heights (the long-range firepower of the 1081 heights could control the Watergate Bridge, such as the type 38 rifles held by the volunteers), the Americans continued to strengthen their defenses, adding tanks, recoilless guns, etc., and laying mines under the dam.Seeing that the American army repaired the bridge again so quickly, the volunteers continued to use the way of surprise attack, and from the night of The 5th, they continued to send small groups of troops to harass.Unexpectedly, as the soldiers who bombed the bridge stepped on the mines and exposed, the surprise attack turned into a strong assault.With the advantage of night fighting, the seventh Company launched a strong attack on the American troops on the bridge deck, covering another bridge bombing team.The two teams worked north and south, finally in the early morning of the 6th, blew up the Watergate Bridge for the third time.This time dozens of kilograms of explosives were used (all of the troops carried explosives), even the bridge piers were blown down.In Dorman’s opinion, the bombing was so thorough that it would take two or three days for the Americans to repair it, and as long as they were nailed at 1081, the follow-up troops of the Volunteers would arrive, they would be able to make dumplings in the first Marine Division.However, the first American battalion, 1st Regiment, 1st Marine Division, which was to withdraw, had reached the north bank of the Watergate Bridge. They had brought with them several 105-millimeter howitzers, which did a great deal of damage to the volunteers holding on to the 1081 heights.Many soldiers were killed by howitzers or by flying ice and rocks.The American planes, of course, dropped 500-pound bombs and napalm, but the mountain winds were so strong that the bombs were blown out of place.According to duman deputy colonel later recalled, the volunteer position, only one petrol bomb fell, rao is so, but also sacrificed more than a dozen soldiers.To get past the Watergate Bridge and the Winding Mountain Road, continue to take 1081.The Americans went crazy. They organized their troops to storm 1081 Heights while covering them with artillery fire.But the 1081 volunteers stationed in the highlands, in the freezing weather of minus 40 degrees for several days, has been a spent force, relying on the strong will to persist.In addition to carrying explosives and bullets, they carried a seven-day supply of simple food, and by December 6 they had run out of food.Their bellies were already so hungry that they had to eat a mouthful of raw ice and snow mixed with dust and black soil, and they had little ammunition left.For his part, MacArthur, in Tokyo, had ordered Mitsubishi to build steel Bridges as quickly as possible and transport them by plane.Endure to December 9, the deputy head of the man side only left more than 20 people, most of them injured, has been hungry for several days, the soldiers’ hands have been frozen into black, but their eyes are full of identification of the light, unfortunately, their hands gun, has no bullets.Even with the Bayonets of the U.S. troops, he had no strength.The only thing to do is leave in tears.Make all man deputy head puzzled is, stationed in another two kilometers on the top of the 2 company, from the beginning of the battle did not hear gunfire, he did not know, lurking in the ridge of the 2 officers and soldiers, has all frozen into ice sculptures, none of them survived.On the afternoon of September 9, the First Battalion of the first U.S. Marine Division finally landed on The 1081 High Ground. Looking at the soldiers who died bravely, they fired their guns into the air and paid high tribute to the soldiers with thin clothes but strong will.When the Watergate Bridge opened to traffic at 6 p.m., the evacuees of the 1st Marine Division cringed, grateful that they had escaped death.Throughout the battle of Chosin Lake, the greatest enemy of my brave volunteers was not the Americans armed to the teeth, but the freezing temperatures of minus 40 degrees Celsius.It remains to be seen whether the first American Marine Division would have escaped if our volunteers had had thick padded coats and better weapons and equipment.History, of course, is no ifs.